Nutzenbewertung

Metreleptin

Verfahrensstand

Beginn des Verfahrens beim G-BA:

01.10.2018

Veröffentlichung der Nutzenbewertung und Beginn des schriftlichen Stellungnahmeverfahrens:

02.01.2019

Fristende zur Abgabe einer schriftlichen Stellungnahme:

23.01.2019

Beschlussfassung beim G-BA:

Ende März 2019

Verfahrensstatus:

Verfahren abgeschlossen

Grundlegende Informationen

Wirkstoff:

Metreleptin

Handelsname:

Myalepta®

Therapeutisches Gebiet:

Lipodystrophie (Stoffwechselkrankheiten)

Pharmazeutischer Unternehmer:

Aegerion Pharmaceuticals GmbH


Studienergebnisse

Efficacy and Safety of Metreleptin in Patients with Partial Lipodystrophy: Lessons from an Expanded Access Program.

METHODS: Study FHA101 was an open-label, expanded-access, long-term clinical effectiveness and safety study in 23 patients with partial lipodystrophy and diabetes and/or hypertriglyceridemia with no prespecified leptin level. Metreleptin was administered subcutaneously at 0.02 mg/kg twice daily (BID) at Week 1, followed by 0.04 mg/kg BID at Week 2. Dose adjustments thereafter were based on patient response (maximum dose of 0.08 mg/kg BID). One-year changes in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose, triglycerides, alanine and aspartate aminotransferases, and treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were evaluated.

Kurzbeschreibung der Studie

METHODS: Study FHA101 was an open-label, expanded-access, long-term clinical effectiveness and safety study in 23 patients with partial lipodystrophy and diabetes and/or hypertriglyceridemia with no prespecified leptin level. Metreleptin was administered subcutaneously at 0.02 mg/kg twice daily (BID) at Week 1, followed by 0.04 mg/kg BID at Week 2. Dose adjustments thereafter were based on patient response (maximum dose of 0.08 mg/kg BID). One-year changes in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose, triglycerides, alanine and aspartate aminotransferases, and treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were evaluated.

Ergebnisse der Studie in der Übersicht

RESULTS: HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose, and triglycerides were numerically decreased throughout 1 year, with mean (standard error) changes from baseline of -0.88 (0.62)%, -42.0 (22.4) mg/dL, and -119.8 (84.1) mg/dL, respectively, which were greater among patients with higher baseline abnormalities. Liver enzymes did not worsen, and the most frequently observed TEAEs (≥ 10% incidence) were mild to moderate and included nausea (39.1%), hypoglycemia (26.1%), and urinary tract infections (26.1%)-all reported previously. There were no reports of clinically significant immune-related adverse events or new safety signals.

ClinicalTrials.gov-Kennung (NCT-Nummer): NCT00677313  


Immunogenicity associated with metreleptin treatment in patients with obesity or lipodystrophy.

OBJECTIVE: Recombinant human leptin (metreleptin) improves glycaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia in patients with generalized lipodystrophy; antibody development with in vitro neutralizing activity has been reported. We aimed to characterize antimetreleptin antibody development, including in vitro neutralizing activity.

DESIGN: Two randomized controlled studies in patients with obesity (twice-daily metreleptin ± pramlintide for 20-52 weeks; 2006-2009); two long-term, open-label studies in patients with lipodystrophy (once-daily or twice-daily metreleptin for 2 months to 12·3 years; 2000-2014).

PATIENTS: A total of 579 metreleptin-treated patients with obesity and 134 metreleptin-treated patients with lipodystrophy (antibody/neutralizing activity data: n = 105).

Kurzbeschreibung der Studie

OBJECTIVE: Recombinant human leptin (metreleptin) improves glycaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia in patients with generalized lipodystrophy; antibody development with in vitro neutralizing activity has been reported. We aimed to characterize antimetreleptin antibody development, including in vitro neutralizing activity.

DESIGN: Two randomized controlled studies in patients with obesity (twice-daily metreleptin ± pramlintide for 20-52 weeks; 2006-2009); two long-term, open-label studies in patients with lipodystrophy (once-daily or twice-daily metreleptin for 2 months to 12·3 years; 2000-2014).

PATIENTS: A total of 579 metreleptin-treated patients with obesity and 134 metreleptin-treated patients with lipodystrophy (antibody/neutralizing activity data: n = 105).

Ergebnisse der Studie in der Übersicht

RESULTS:Antimetreleptin antibodies developed in most patients (obese: 96-100%; lipodystrophy: 86-92%). Peak antibody titers (approximately 1:125 to 1:3125) generally occurred within 4-6 months and decreased with continued therapy (lipodystrophy). Antibody development did not adversely impact efficacy or safety (patients with obesity), except for inflammatory injection site reactions, but was associated with elevated leptin concentrations. Three patients with obesity developed in vitro neutralizing activity coincident with weight gain. Weight later returned to baseline in one patient despite persistent neutralizing activity. Four patients with generalized lipodystrophy developed in vitro neutralizing activity concurrent with worsened metabolic control; two with confounding comorbidities had sepsis. One patient with lipodystrophy had resolution of neutralizing activity on metreleptin.

ClinicalTrials.gov-Kennung (NCT-Nummer): NCT00392925NCT00673387, NCT00819234, NCT00025883, NCT00677313.

 

 


The liver diseases of lipodystrophy: the long-term effect of leptin treatment.

METHODS: This was an open-label, prospective study of leptin therapy in patients with inherited and acquired lipodystrophy at the National Institutes of Health. Liver biopsies were performed at baseline (N=50) and after leptin replacement (N=27). NASH activity was assessed using the NASH Clinical Research Network (CRN) scoring system. Fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, hemoglobin A1c and liver enzymes were measured at baseline and at the time of the final liver biopsy.

Kurzbeschreibung der Studie

METHODS: This was an open-label, prospective study of leptin therapy in patients with inherited and acquired lipodystrophy at the National Institutes of Health. Liver biopsies were performed at baseline (N=50) and after leptin replacement (N=27). NASH activity was assessed using the NASH Clinical Research Network (CRN) scoring system. Fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, hemoglobin A1c and liver enzymes were measured at baseline and at the time of the final liver biopsy.

Ergebnisse der Studie in der Übersicht

RESULTS: In leptin-treated patients, 86% met criteria for NASH at baseline, while only 33% had NASH after leptin replacement for 25.8 ± 3.7 months (mean ± SE, p=0.0003). There were significant improvements in steatosis grade (reduction of mean score from 1.8 to 0.9) and ballooning injury scores (from 1.2 to 0.4), with a 44.2% reduction in mean NAFLD activity score (p<0.0001). Patients who already had fibrosis remained stable on leptin replacement. We observed significant improvement in metabolic profile, ALT and AST. In addition to NASH, four patients with acquired generalized lipodystrophy (AGL) had autoimmune hepatitis.

ClinicalTrials.gov-Kennung (NCT-Nummer): NCT00677313


Metreleptin therapy lowers plasma angiopoietin-like protein 3 in patients with generalized lipodystrophy

METHODS: Preleptin treatment plasma levels of ANGPTLs in patients with generalized lipodystrophy (n = 22) were compared with healthy controls (n = 39) using a post hoc case-control study design. In a prospective open-label study, we studied the effects of metreleptin therapy (16-32 weeks) on plasma ANGPTL3/4 in patients with generalized lipodystrophy.

Kurzbeschreibung der Studie

METHODS: Preleptin treatment plasma levels of ANGPTLs in patients with generalized lipodystrophy (n = 22) were compared with healthy controls (n = 39) using a post hoc case-control study design. In a prospective open-label study, we studied the effects of metreleptin therapy (16-32 weeks) on plasma ANGPTL3/4 in patients with generalized lipodystrophy.

Ergebnisse der Studie in der Übersicht

RESULTS: Plasma ANGPTL3 (geometric mean [95% confidence interval]; 223 [182-275] vs 174 ng/mL [160-189], P = .02) but not ANGPTL4 levels (55 [37-81] vs 44 ng/mL [37-52], P = .26) were higher in patients with lipodystrophy compared with healthy controls. There was a significant decrease in total cholesterol, triglycerides, and glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) levels following metreleptin therapy. After metreleptin, ANGPTL3 concentrations decreased significantly (223 [182-275] vs 175 ng/mL [144-214], P = .01) with no change in ANGPTL4 (55 [37-81] vs 48 ng/mL [32-73], P = .11).

ClinicalTrials.gov-Kennung (NCT-Nummer): NCT00025883


Long-term effectiveness and safety of metreleptin in the treatment of patients with generalized lipodystrophy

METHODS: Patients (n = 66) aged ≥6 months had lipodystrophy, low circulating leptin, and ≥1 metabolic abnormality (diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, or hypertriglyceridemia). Metreleptin dose (once or twice daily) was titrated to a mean dose of 0.10 mg/kg/day with a maximum of 0.24 mg/kg/day. Means and changes from baseline to month 12 were assessed for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting triglycerides (TGs), and fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Additional assessments included the proportions of patients achieving target decreases in HbA1c or fasting TGs at months 4, 12, and 36, medication changes, and estimates of liver size. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were recorded.

Kurzbeschreibung der Studie

METHODS: Patients (n = 66) aged ≥6 months had lipodystrophy, low circulating leptin, and ≥1 metabolic abnormality (diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, or hypertriglyceridemia). Metreleptin dose (once or twice daily) was titrated to a mean dose of 0.10 mg/kg/day with a maximum of 0.24 mg/kg/day. Means and changes from baseline to month 12 were assessed for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting triglycerides (TGs), and fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Additional assessments included the proportions of patients achieving target decreases in HbA1c or fasting TGs at months 4, 12, and 36, medication changes, and estimates of liver size. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were recorded.

Ergebnisse der Studie in der Übersicht

RESULTS:Significant mean reductions from baseline were seen at month 12 for HbA1c (-2.2%, n = 59) and FPG (-3.0 mmol/L, n = 59) and mean percent change in fasting TGs (-32.1%, n = 57) (all p ≤ 0.001). Reductions from baseline over time in these parameters were also significant at month 36 (all p < 0.001, n = 14). At month 4, 34.8% of patients had a ≥1% reduction in HbA1c and 62.5% had a ≥30% reduction in fasting TGs; at month 12, 80% of patients had a ≥1% decrease in HbA1c or ≥30% decrease in TGs, and 66% had a decrease of ≥2% in HbA1c or ≥40% decrease in TGs. Of those on medications, 41%, 22%, and 24% discontinued insulin, oral antidiabetic medications, or lipid-lowering medications, respectively. Mean decrease in liver volume at month 12 was 33.8% (p < 0.001, n = 12). Most TEAEs were of mild/moderate severity.

ClinicalTrials.gov-Kennung (NCT-Nummer): NCT00005905NCT00025883


Zurück zur Medikamentenliste